GENEVA, 23 NOVEMBER 2007 (WMO) – In 2006, globally averaged concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere reached their highest levels ever recorded. The World Meteorological Organization’s (WMO) 2006 Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, published today, says it reached 381.2 parts per million (ppm), up 0.53 per cent from 379.2 ppm in 2005. Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Levels Highest On Record
The latest analysis of data from the WMO-GAW Global Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Network shows that the globally averaged mixing ratios of carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) have reached new highs in 2006 with CO2 at 381.2 ppm and N2O at 320.1 ppb. Atmospheric growth rates in 2006 of these gases are consistent with recent years. The mixing ratio of methane (CH4 ) remains almost unchanged at 1782 ppb. These values are higher than those in pre-industrial times by 36%, 19% and 155%, respectively. Methane growth has slowed during the past decade. The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index (AGGI) shows that from 1990 to 2006 the atmospheric radiative forcing by all long-lived greenhouse gases has increased by 22.7%. The combined radiative forcing by CFC-11 and CFC-12 exceeds that of N2O. They are decreasing very slowly as a result of emission reductions under the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.
CO2 is the single most important infrared absorbing, anthropogenic gas in the atmosphere and is responsible for 63 % of the total radiative forcing of Earth by long-lived greenhouse gases. Its contribution to the increase in radiative forcing is 87% for the past decade and 91% for the last five years. The State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Using Global Observations through 2006